Section 199A Qualified Business Income Under 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
Author: James R. Hamill
||2 hours for CPAs
2 hours Federal Tax Law Updates for EAs and OTRPs
2 hours Federal Tax Updates for CTEC
Effective for the 2018 tax year Section 199A allows a 20% deduction for “qualified business income.” This deduction applies to any business income earned outside a C corporation, so it will affect schedule C filers, and income earned in a partnership or an S corporation.
The mechanics of the deduction are not that difficult, but the deduction either phases out or may be limited if taxable income exceeds a threshold amount. For service businesses the deduction can be lost when income reaches the end of the phase-out range. For non-service businesses the deduction may be limited based on the W-2 wages paid from the business or a combination of W-2 wages and unadjusted basis of property used in the business.
It may not be clear whether a business is a service business. It may also be possible to plan to maximize the deduction when the taxpayer is otherwise in the phase-out range. This course will discuss those issues, and many others, to allow you to properly advise clients. Join Jim Hamill, CPA, Ph.D., for a look at how this deduction works and how to answer your clients' questions about this money-saving opportunity for Schedule C filers and those in certain LLCs, S corps and partnerships.
This course reflects tax law after enactment of TCJA.
Publication Date: February 2018
CPAs, EAs, tax preparers and other tax professionals with responsibility for advising clients with business income on their tax returns.
- Computation of the Section 199A deduction
- Limits based on taxable income of the qualified business
- Limits based on the taxpayer's taxable income
- Phase-out computations for a service business
- Wage or wage/capital limitations on non-service businesses
- Planning to control taxable income
- Impact of Section 199A on purchase price allocations
- How to determine unadjusted basis of business assets
- What is a service business
- What is business income
- Reporting issues for flow through entities
- Compute the Section 199A deduction for taxpayers above the threshold income level and for other taxpayers
- Identify planning opportunities to maximize the deduction
- Define a service business as that term is used in Section 199A
- Differentiate types of income
- Describe reporting and income limitations related to the 20% deduction
- Identify capital purchase price allocations
- Differentiate how tests apply to a single rental property
- Recognize ancillary issues with respect to the tax act
- Identify correct statements regarding flow through entities
- Identify and apply results of the TCJA
- Identify the 20% deduction phase-out end for married filing jointly taxpayers
- Describe unadjusted basis of depreciable property
- Identify classes of capital assets increase the capital base and possibly the qualified business income limit
- Identify the lowest deduction that can be taken by a service business
- Recognize how non-QBI deductions can help increase the QBI deduction
NASBA Field of Study
Taxes (2 hours)
Basic understanding of federal income taxation for individuals and pass-through entities.